Flood Mitigation


The implementation of flood management interventions is described under the following three sub-components:
•Multipurpose flood management
•Flood plain management
•Flood early warning system.

The lower reaches of the Nzoia River Basin experience frequent floods that result in the loss of life as well as property. Attempts to control floods through the construction of dykes in the Budalang’i area have not successfully solved the problem, as flood waters overtop the dykes almost annually. This component is managing the floods for the benefit of the affected communities through harnessing of the flood waters for use in irrigation, hydropower generation and recreation.

Flood Management Objectives
The broad objective of flood management within the Project is to reduce the vulnerability of the community to adverse outcomes associated with recurrent flooding. The flooding emanating from major rivers in the Western Kenya Region will be addressed in the short- and medium-term through improved flood plain management and the establishment of an early warning system. Further, detailed planning and preparation for long-term multi-purpose investments to provide greater protection against flooding will be undertaken.

The specific objectives are:
•Preparation for the multi-purpose long-term flood management;
•Enhanced flood plain management in the Budalangi plains;
•Development and institutionalization of a proactive mechanism for a community-based flood early warning system.
•The following activities will be implemented towards achieving the flood management objectives:
•Participatory development of a vision and strategy;
•Capacity building – training and awareness creation;
•Institutional strengthening for IFM and sustainability.

Flood Management Strategy
Flood management within the project has four inter-related groups of activities as mentioned in the introduction. These will be carried out with the aim of building the capacity of local communities to prepare, respond and manage floods. The intention is to develop the capacity of key institutions to plan and implement flood management activities in Western Kenya.

In principle, the latest approach of Integrated Flood Management (IFM) will be adopted as much as possible, whose main elements are:

•Managing the water cycle as a whole
•Integrating land and water management
•Adopting a best mix of strategies
•Ensuring a participatory approach
•Adopting integrated hazard management approaches




Western Kenya Copyrighted 2013 Flood Mitigation.
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